ABC – American Board of Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics, and Pedorthics: A certifying body whose duty is to examine the educational and experiential prerequisites of candidates taking the examinations in orthotics and prosthetics, as well as to administer the practical and written examinations for these disciplines. This body also acts to monitor the continuing education of its certified Orthotist and/ or Prosthetist. In addition, it upgrades its examination process to reflect changes and advances in the practice of Orthotics and Prosthetics.

AFO – Ankle Foot Orthosis: device for the lower limb that encloses the ankle and foot and does not extend above the knee

AOPA – American Orthotic + Prosthetic Association: A national trade association dedicated to upholding standards of quality patient care. AOPA represents more than 1,200 member companies whose practitioners custom-make and fit prosthesis (artificial limbs) and orthoses (braces) or manufacture components for prostheses and orthoses.

BOB – Boston Overlap Brace: a ridge LSO, used to support the lumbosacral region

BOC – Board of Certification

Cavus foot: high arches

Cervical Orthosis: a rigid orthosis that encircles the neck and supports the chin and back of the head, used in the treatment of injuries of the cervical spine.

CO – Certified Orthotist: (As quoted from the ABC Book of Rules, Sept., 1993)

a. The term for the practitioner who provides care to patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine by evaluation, designing, fabricating, fitting and aligning those devices known as orthoses. At the request of and in consultation with physicians, the certified Orthotist assists in formulation of prescriptions for orthosis, and examines and evaluates the patient's orthotic needs in relation to their disease entity and/ or functional loss. In providing the orthosis, the Orthotist is responsible for: formulating its design including selection of materials; making all necessary casts, measurements, model modifications, and layouts; performing fittings, including static and dynamic alignments; evaluating the orthosis on the patient; instructing the patient in its use; and maintaining patient records; all in conformity with the prescription.

The title of Certified Orthotist (C.O.) is awarded to the practitioner who successfully completes the [board] examination in this discipline.

FO – Foot orthosis

Foot drop/drop foot: a deficit in turning the ankle and toes upward

KAFO – Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis: device for the lower limb that extends from above the knee to the ankle and foot

KO – Knee Orthosis: Device for the lower limb that extends above and below the knee.

Latitudinal Arch/Metatarsal Arch: the arch formed by the metatarsal bones

Longitudinal Arch: The curvature of the hind and mid-foot.

LSO – Lumbosacral Orthosis: spinal orthosis that encircles the body in the lumbosacral region.

Medial: the inner side of the foot

Metatarsal: one of the five long bones of the foot between the tarsus and the phalanges

Orthosis: an orthopedic appliance used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body

Pes Planus – flat foot: is a foot with a lowered medial longitudinal arch, characterized by pain in the region of the plantar arch and the instep

Phalanges: toe bones

Plantar Fascia/Plantar Fasciitis: is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, the band of connective tissue that runs from the heel to the base of the toes.

Pronation: The movement or tendency to turn the foot inwards

Supination: The movement or tendency to turn the foot outward

TLSO – Thoracic Lumbosacral Orthosis: Spinal orthosis that encircles the body in the Thoracic and lumbar region.

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